The alcoholism and drug abuse can cause premature death by overdose, damage to the body or accidents caused by a distorted judgment. Sniffing glue or lacquer is likely to cause sudden death. Many substances can be abused. They are often taken for non-medical reasons, such as an athlete who takes corticosteroids or growth hormones or an anorexic who ingests laxatives.

Risk factors of Alcoholism

Alcoholism occurs when alcohol consumption has consequences for physical or mental health, as well as for social relationships, family or work. It’s a disease. Addiction is physical addiction to alcohol, with the onset of withdrawal symptoms when consumption is reduced or stopped, and increasing tolerance, ie the need to ingest more alcohol before feeling the effects.

In the case of alcohol abuse, the patient becomes an “excessive drinker” without being at the stage of physical dependence. Alcohol distorts judgment, alters concentration, irritates the lining of the esophagus and stomach, slows down the absorption of vitamins, triggers liver diseases, affects the heart muscle and causes nerve damage, memory loss, congenital anomalies such as fetal alcohol syndrome, sexual problems such as erectile dysfunction and the disappearance of menstruation. In addition, alcoholism increases the risk of laryngeal cancer, esophagus, liver and colon.

Substance addiction

Many substances can be addictive and cause serious health problems, including in young people.The most common hallucinogens are LSD, fungi, mescaline, phencyclidine (“angel dust” or “PCP”) and ketamine (or “special K”). These drugs cause euphoria and decrease inhibitions, but they lead to numbness, changes in perception, paranoia, hallucinations, psychoses and even death.

Cocaine is highly addictive. It triggers feelings of intense euphoria, greater self-confidence and increased energy, decreasing inhibitions.

Methamphetamines and ecstasy make euphoric, multiply energy, increase endurance and alertness and decrease inhibitions. They increase blood pressure and heart rate and can lead to heart attacks and strokes in young, healthy people.

Heroin and other opiates, some of which are legally prescribed as painkillers, relieve pain, make you feel euphoric and can increase sexual pleasure.

But habituation sets in very quickly and larger quantities of substances are needed to be effective. Physical problems and overdose can occur. Weaning requires medical follow-up.


Family history plays a vital role. Children of alcoholics or drug addicts are more likely to develop an addiction.Depression and other mental disorders can lead to too much alcohol or narcotics. Low self-esteem, relationship conflict, or anxiety, associated with peer influence and stressful living, can also be triggers.


Drug problems have increased dramatically in recent years, especially among young people. The record of Lighthouse detox Centers shows that a dollar invested in prevention saves $ 10 in addiction treatment.

Prevention should start in kindergarten with special attention to certain risk factors (behavioral change, low social skills and academic difficulties).The development of self-control, emotional awareness and communication skills, social problem solving and academic and psycho-emotional support could be areas of work.