When the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) hits you, you usually grab some antacids, and you call it a day. However, your condition might be more serious than you have thought and ignoring it might lead to more health complications. The last thing you will want is to have some symptoms like heartburn which ruin your days. Here are some of the possible health issues when you don’t an immediate treatment for GERD:


Esophagitis is a condition characterized by the irritation and swelling of the esophagus. This takes place when acid frequently flows from your stomach into your throat. Over time, your esophagus will become vulnerable to erosion and scarring. When you experience esophagitis for a long period of time, the scar tissue may narrow your esophagus, resulting in esophageal stricture.

  Barrett’s Esophagus

This condition refers to the precancerous changes in your cells. You will need to go through an endoscopy to detect this problem since it doesn’t come with some symptoms. This condition may lead to esophageal cancer.

Esophageal Cancer

This can happen when you have a serious case of GERD. Major risk factors include alcohol, poor diet and smoking. In case your GERD has been hitting for a long time and you notice weight loss, visit your doctor right away to get tested for this cancer. Major signs of this cancer include difficulty swallowing and weight loss.

Tooth Decay

As the acid makes it way up from your stomach into your mouth, they can create a sour taste. It is likely to wear away your tooth enamel, causing tooth decay.

Throat and Voice Problems

Heartburn is the symptoms of GERD; however, some people may not have it. Some of those who have GERD may experience symptoms that are not easy to diagnose as they may be associated with other conditions. GERD can also cause symptoms such as voice changes, hoarseness and chronic cough. Those who have these symptoms will usually feel the constant need to clear the throat. Lung function might be considered by doctors when treating reflux.

Esophageal Ulcers

Because of the stomach acid, the esophageal lining can wear away, resulting in ulcers or sores. Those who have ulcers are likely to vomit or spit up blood or find this blood in their stool. Patients must visit a gastro doctor right away when they experience this symptom. Esophageal ulcers can be spotted through an endoscopy.